Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

TENTATIVA DE CONCEPTUALIZACIÓN TRIDIMENSIONAL DE LA COHESIÓN: APLICACIÓN AL BALONCESTO

Abstract

David Maltête, Catherine Garncarzyk, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

The main objective of the research was to assimilate the concept of cohesion in a three-dimensional way. It was conducted over 48 basketball players, ages ranging from 18 to 37, from four basketball teams participating in E.B.A League (Spain). The sociometric questionnaire (Moreno, 1934) was filled in by players from each team at the end of championship. At the same time, teams were observed in official game and practice situation. Besides, test results check out was followed by a meeting with each coach. The present findings confirm that high performance levels coincide with high cohesion rates. We made obvious that (1) hierarchical aspect is an intrinsic to cohesion (Cota et al., 1995 ; Dion, 2000); (2) there are congruent areas for the three dimensions which constitute cohesion (functional / social; social / hierarchical; hierarchical / functional; functional / social / hierarchical); and (3) given this construct, a way measuring cohesion level for each one of the teams. We suggest future researches, taking into consideration the converge of the following points of view: the “Group Environnement Questionnaire” (Carron, Widmeyer and Brawley, 1985), Sociometric paradigm (Moreno, 1954) and “Scale Categorization Theory” (Turner et al., 1987); with the intention of coordinating them so that we can understand groups phenomena in a wider way.

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